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Acrobatics

By:Alice
China's history of acrobatics is world-famous. The danger and special skills of acrobatics add a lot of beauty to art. Since the first time Chinese acrobats performed abroad, they have become ambassadors of Chinese culture, friendship and peace. For nearly half a century, Chinese acrobats have traveled to more than 100 countries on five continents. Chinese acrobatics promote friendly exchanges between countries.


History of Chinese Acrobatics
Chinese acrobatics have been around since the Neolithic Age. After the unification of China, the Qin Dynasty absorbed the advantages of Jiao-Di from various countries and formed an entertaining acrobatic program -- Jiao-Di Opera.
In the Han Dynasty, the content of Jiao-Di Opera was more substantial, the varieties more abundant and the skills more superb. By the time of the Eastern Han Dynasty, a new kind of "Bai Opera" system was formed, which took acrobatics as the center and gathered all kinds of performing arts together.
During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, the art exchanges between different ethnic groups were frequent, which made the acrobatics of this period show the characteristics of eclectic and colorful, not only rich folk foundation, but also colorful court performances.
During the Tang Dynasty, some programs were developed in an amazing way, with unprecedented skills.
Since the Song Dynasty, acrobatics began to move from the palace to the people, creating a variety of new programs. The rise of tile-roofed house and brothel made the artists have a place for performing arts. In addition, the Song Dynasty there were professional acrobatics classes and old-type opera school of training new people.
After liberation, acrobatics gained a new life. Acrobatics developed from simple skill performances to comprehensive performances with bands, dances and lights. Contemporary Chinese acrobatics has become a favorite art of people all over the world.


Artistic Features
The artistic characteristics of Chinese acrobatics are generally expressed in the following aspects:
1. The first is to pay special attention to the waist and leg training. Chinese acrobats, even those who perform ancient color tricks, must have a solid foundation in martial arts.
2. The second is to seek stability while facing danger and to seek tranquility while moving, which shows calm, skillful and accurate skills and the hard work of being thoroughly tempered. If "walk a tightrope" in all sorts of breathtaking performance, demand "steady".
3. The third is to find out the strange in the middle of the flat, from nothing to something with ingenious techniques, showing the creative power of human beings.
4. The fourth artistic feature is the emphasis, channeling, soft and hard Kung Fu supplement each other. The best performance of this artistic feature is the " Jugging with the feet" program.
5. The fifth is the combination of superman's strength and dexterity.
6. Sixth, a large number of life tools and work tools as props, rich in life, showing the close relationship between Chinese acrobatics and work life.
7. The seventh is the combination of primitive arts and crafts and body skills.
8. The eighth is that Chinese acrobatics has a great adaptability, performance forms, performance venues are showing a variety of characteristics.
9. Ninth, Chinese acrobatics has a strict tradition of learning and close relationship with sister arts. These artistic features constitute the unique charm of Chinese acrobatics.


Traditional Chinese Acrobatic Show

Lion Dance: this is an ancient Chinese folk dance. During the performance, the acrobats not only performed the lion's various movements, such as tumbling and jumping, but also vividly displayed his strength and agility, as well as the quiet and playful side of his character.


Spring-Board Stunts: acrobats jump in the air. Somersault and beautiful movements are the best performance of acrobatics.


Wire Stunt: in ancient China, it was called "walking on a wire" or "walking on a rope". Acrobats use the flexibility of somersaults, a basic acrobatic technique, to perform difficult feats such as wheels and somersaults on trembling steel wires.


Meteor Juggling: the performer swings a glass bowl like a meteor moving through the sky. Twirling with a soft rope, the performers tie two glass bowls full of water to the ends of the rope, toss the rope up, perform some difficult stunts, such as rolling forward and somersaulting, then grab the rope and continue to dance and turn without spilling the water.


Home of Acrobatics:
Wuqiao, on the Banks of the grand canal in Hebei Province, is known as the home of acrobatics in China. It is said that all residents of Wuqiao, from toddlers to 99-year-old people, can perform some acrobatics. Young people practice art between jobs. Many families have unique skills that are passed down from generation to generation. People may see a farmer balancing a chin cart in the field, a child walking along the road balancing an inverted bottle full of oil or vinegar on his little finger, or a student balancing an umbrella on his head in the rainy day on his way to school. There are many acrobats from Wuqiao in China and around the world. There is an old saying in the field of acrobatics in China that without the acrobats of Wuqiao, there would be no acrobatic troupe.


Meaning
The significance of Chinese acrobatics is manifold, among which there are two fundamental points: first, the long tradition and rich historical accumulation of Chinese acrobatics provide the foundation for its innovation. Second, Chinese acrobatics has its distinct and unique artistic style, which makes it stand out among the acrobatics in the world.

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